Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network

7 1444
Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 1

This brief article is about how I recreated my three programme channels of analogue UHF, into one RF feed, that could be distributed to all my TVs in the museum. The aim of which was to provide an authentic experience on the TVs.

Museum Channels

The idea was to mimic the channels these TVs would have been able to tune into back in the 1970s. For us in the UK, that would be just three channels. We actually ended up with five channels, the final two were channel 4, which came along in 1982 and finally channel 5 in 1997. As the vast majority of my TVs pre-date those final two, I shall not be recreating them, just the BBC1, BBC2 and ITV experience. For further authenticity, the system will further include Teletext, Test card F, both with test card music, provided via the IMOGen generator.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 2

These three channels will be, depending on the time of day, broadcasting the following:-

  • BBC1 Test Card F or Ceefax pages with Test card Music or BBC box sets/Films.
  • BBC2 Colour Bar test signal, or Movies, Documentaries, Music, Films.
  • ITV Colour Bar test signal or ITV box sets & Movies

BBC1, the Test card F and 15-pages of teletext, plus test card music, are provided via the IMOGen generator. The content material provided via DVD, both sources connected to a switch.

BBC2, colour bar with tone provided via a Tektronix TSG95 and programme material via a DVD, again also connected to a switch.

ITV, colour bar provided via the HDMI to composite convertor upon no signal. Programme material via DVD, signal cancels colour bar test signal.

The diagram below shows how I went about it. The main problem I had to avoid was channel interference.CrustyTV Museum Signals

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 3

Problems Faced

Decca RU.4011

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 4

I wanted the ability to monitor the three channels direct in the signals rack where the kit would be installed. This would be achieved via the use of a Decca RU.4011. The RU.4011 is an off-air receiver, rack mountable, baseband video & also audio at 600 ohms balanced. One use of these had been for re-broadcasting & wired networks systems.

In a BBC engineering article No.112 from April 1979, shows the RU.4011 mounted inside a Range Rover reception survey vehicle, along with a monitor, scope and teletext decoding margin meter.

I will be installing the RU.4011 into my signals rack, enabling me to monitor my RF distribution system receiving three UHF sources. Audio monitoring of the network is via the internal speaker and video monitoring via one of the six outputs on the back, which is connected to the rack’s 10″ SONY PVM.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 5

However, the RU.4011 had a video fault, although it had good audio, but there wasn’t any video being output to the six 75R BNC connections to the rear. Checking the supply rails, all were correct except one, the +15V rail, it was sitting at +25V. This turned out to be a fault MC1352P chip, once replaced and a setup performed, the device functioned flawlessly.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 6

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 7

Avoid Channel interference

Now the next hurdle, in the past, my attempt at combining three signals down one coax feed for redistribution, resulted in a fair bit of cross channel interference. The previous system was a bit of a lash-up, and it suffered with much interference, in part due to using those truly awful cheap modulators you find on eBay, not only are most dangerous, but they just constantly develop faults, and frequently fool me into believing I have other faults, well no more!

I found the Maplin VH89 PAL System/I modulator, a superb choice, also these frequently turn up on eBay. They are solidly constructed and have a decent power arrangement unlike the Chinese ones, and what’s more, thus far appear to function as intended.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 8


BBC1 Modulator receives the output from a two-way switch, this has two sources, the IMOGen and a DVD. The switch allows me to send programme material or at the flick of a switch Test card F and 15-pages of Teletext, both with music.

BBC2 Modulator receives the output from a two-way switch, this has two sources, a Tektronix TSG95 and a DVD. The switch allows me to send programme material or at the flick of a switch Colour bar and test-tone.

ITV Modulator receives output from a DVD via an HDMI to composite convertor. Under no signal conditions (DVD not on) the convertor outputs colour bars, hence no switch required on this channel.


BBC1 & BBC2 modulators are set to CH56 & CH60, these two outputs pass through a Bell CableMedia Combiner, specifically designed for CH56-63. This was kindly given to me a few years ago by the late Terry Cassey. The output from this goes into one input on a Taylor TS2008 UHF distribution amp.

ITV modulator, is set to CH21, whose output is sent into a PROception overlap blocking filter, which as a passband for CH21-30. The output from this fed into another input on the above-mentioned Taylor TS2008 UHF distribution amp.

RCA 2-way Switch Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 9 Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 10


This is achieved via a Taylor TS2008 UHF distribution amp with a gain of 20dB on each outlet, of which there are 8. One of the eight output feeds RF into the Decca RU.4011, where the Decca’s internal tuner has the first three channels tuned to CH56, Ch60 & CH21 respectively. The Sony PVM monitor is fed direct from the 75R video output, with the audio monitored via the RU.4011 internal speaker, all to monitor the RF network signal status. Another feed goes to the museum workbench and the rest off into the museum. From there the feeds will be fed in to Tee’s that I removed from a TV shop.

Pi C.O.W. & Pi-Patgen

The Computer Originated World replaced the previous mechanical globe symbols at 7 pm on 18 February 1985 and was used until the of 16 February 1991.  The globe was created by the BBC graphics and BBC computer departments. The few of these machines ended up in private ownership and the chances of obtaining one slim. I posed the question to Andy Doz, who had recently created a TV pattern generator using a Raspberry Pi, if he could recreate C.O.W. using a Pi. Long story short, yes!  Andy’s project can be found here.

And here it is working in the museum, proving that additional authentic feed along with test card F, Teletext and all the other period signals.


Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 11


Until recently, my Teletext TV’s and Teletext set-top boxes were provided pages via the IMOGen. This has been wonderful, and I’d not be without it, but my IMOGen has just 15 static pages to view. Wouldn’t it be wonderful to have a live Ceefax service back … well you can.

Today I built yet another Pi and set up Vbit2, a superb implementation of Peter Kwan. Once installed, you configure the service of your choice (I chose Ceefax Worldwide) and then tell it to run at boot time.

The Pi is connected to the internet and my analogue TV signals distribution system. Now all my teletext equipped TV’s in the museum have a live teletext feed, the date and clock too, just as it used to be.

At any time, you can change the way VBIT2 behaves. You can also ‘Update services’ which will check for newer collections of pages and updates to existing ones. Some are art collections, while others are collections of popular pages from the past (such as the writings of Mr Biffo and the Bamboozle quiz games). Others are snapshots of an entire service in a moment of time. Some even dynamically update from news feeds. You just ‘Select service’ to change what is being broadcast in real time.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 12 Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 13

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 14

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 15Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 16Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 17Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 18


The only thing I didn’t like was the teletext service just boots to console, so all the TV’s initially would see this, which is naff. So, once I was happy the Teletext service was working, I then installed fbi (frame buffer imageviewer), copied over a test card, added the fbi command line to the user .bashrc file, and set the system to auto login. Now when it boots, it drops straight into a test card so all the TV’s display that, and those with text abilities, can hit text to load all the TXT pages.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 19 Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 20


I’ve managed to achieve what I set out to do, namely three channels down a single lead and no co-channel interference. The key pieces enabling that being the Bell CableMedia Comb and Proception Overlap blocking filter. The Pi devices providing bonus signal sources for the C.O.W. (Computer Originated World) replica, Test Generator and Teletext service.

Note: What remains now is the installation of multiple coax runs to the various parts of the museum, allowing me to run multiple sets at a time, this is well underway.

Version 2.0 is currently under development. All the above has been deconstructed. More to come in the following days.

Sneak peak.

Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 21
Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 22
Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 23
Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 24
Crusty-TV Museum, Analogue TV Network 25
5 2 votes
Article Rating
Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
10 months ago

“IMOGen there’s no Teletext, it’s easy if you try…”
Fab work there, Chris!

Reply to  crustytv
9 months ago

It’s good to see someone else using the Raspberry Pi to generate teletext. It’s great fun – you can spend a lot of time exploring the pages. I noticed your Roadstar workshop CRT TV has a built-in Freeview tuner. Must be a rarity for a small CRT set. Some large-screen CRTs had digital terrestrial tuners but some of them stopped working after switchover due to signal changes. Have you ever tried it to see if it can still receive Freeview without an external box?

9 months ago

Hi Chris, Now I have finished painting the house I hope to get back into the workshop to do a bit tidying up myself, thanks for the writeup of your system much appreciated. I use the multiview T35 convertor for providing 5 channel analogue UHF from DVB. I also use a Maplin modulator to provide a 6th channel with routable input. I will have to go into detail about how I achieve my end goal another time as I need DVB, DAB, Analogue 625 UHF, 405 line VHF and Band II FM for the stereo radios. On top of this I have satellite distribution to for Freesat and Sky together with the Freeview services this is provided by multiswitch that can do conventional high and low-band H and V distribution plus SCR Single Channel remote for the Sky Satellite boxes I can see a write up for this coming in the near future. Now to my question on teletext page generation you mention, are these video teletext pages or are they VBI teletext pages for teletext equipped sets to decode?? as I use a Raspberry Pi to generate VBI teletext which is then fed to a teletext VBI insertor, gets somewhat complicated and has to have the pages updated manually. So some technical detail would be appreciated.
Sorry for all the questions. I will now look into the Raspberry Pi Testcard Generator but awaiting delivery of more Pi’s with which to do this as the two I’m using are generating fixed VIB teletext and the other now running the COW generator. I wonder where all the power goes??


Reply to  crustytv
9 months ago
  • Hi Chris, I think this is what I am using, an early version that I installed well over a year ago. Works fine but looks like much has been added since. I have a teletext insertor that I bought ex-broadcast and was supposed to have an analogue video input but it turned out to be SDI and was not the model advertised! so to use it I had to fit a composite to SDI converter but the unit does give a composite output straight into my router which I then feed to the Maplin UHF modulator.The Pi feeds the insertor on its text input. Works well hence all the questions. The T35 DVB to Analogue tuner does produce limited Teletext for live program schedules. I have in my loft a BBC Master computer, in a metal box, which has a teletext keyboard and teletext program built in and was used by Sky for creating and editing teletext pages. I have never had any time to look what it actually does in detail?
  • Adrian
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x